The reader will find, in many stimulating observations, and plenty of interesting material relating to our subject, but little or nothing that concerns the true nature of the dream, or that solves definitely any of its enigmas.
The educated layman, of course, knows even less of the matter. The conception of the dream that was held in prehistoric ages by primitive peoples, and the influence which it may have exerted on the formation of their conceptions of the universe, and of the soul, is a theme of such great interest that it is only with reluctance that I refrain from dealing with it in these pages. I will refer the reader to the well-known works of Sir John Lubbock (Lord Avebury), Herbert Spencer, E. B. Tylor and other writers; I will only add that we shall not realise the importance of these problems and speculations until we have completed the task of dream interpretation that lies before us. A reminiscence of the concept of the dream that was held in primitive times seems to underlie the evaluation of the dream which was current among the peoples of classical antiquity. They took it for granted that dreams were related to the world of the supernatural beings in whom they believed, and that they brought inspirations from the gods and demons. Moreover, it appeared to them that dreams must serve a special purpose in respect of the dreamer; that, as a rule, they predicted the future.
The extraordinary variations in the content of dreams, and in the impressions which they produced on the dreamer, made it, of course, very difficult to formulate a coherent conception of them, and necessitated manifold differentiations and group-formations, according to their value and reliability.
The valuation of dreams by the individual philosophers of antiquity naturally depended on the importance which they were prepared to attribute to manticism in general. In the two works of Aristotle in which there is mention of dreams, they are already regarded as constituting a problem of psychology. We are told that the dream is not god-sent, that it is not of divine but of daimonic origin.
For nature is really daimonic, not divine; that is to say, the dream is not a supernatural revelation, but is subject to the laws of the human spirit, which has, of course, a kinship with the divine.
The dream is defined as the psychic activity of the sleeper, inasmuch as he is asleep. Aristotle was acquainted with some of the characteristics of the dream-life; for example, he knew that a dream converts the slight sensations perceived in sleep into intense sensations (‘one imagines that one is walking through fire, and feels hot, if this or that part of the body becomes only quite slightly warm’), which led him to conclude that dreams might easily betray to the physician the first indications of an incipient physical change which escaped observation during the day. As has been said, those writers of antiquity who preceded Aristotle did not regard the dream as a product of the dreaming psyche, but as an inspiration of divine origin, and in ancient times, the two opposing tendencies which we shall find throughout the ages in respect of the evaluation of the dream-life, were already perceptible.
The ancients distinguished between the true and valuable dreams which were sent to the dreamer as warnings, or to foretell future events, and the vain, fraudulent and empty dreams, whose object was to misguide him or lead him to destruction. The pre-scientific conception of the dream which obtained among the ancients was, of course, in perfect keeping with their general conception of the universe, which was accustomed to project as an external reality that which possessed reality only in the life of the psyche. Further, it accounted for the main impression made upon the waking life by the morning memory of the dream; for in this memory the dream, as compared with the rest of the psychic content, seems to be something alien, coming, as it were, from another world. It would be an error to suppose that the theory of the supernatural origin of dreams lacks followers even in our own times; for quite apart from pietistic and mystical writers -- who cling, as they are perfectly justified in doing, to the remnants of the once predominant realm of the supernatural until these remnants have been swept away by scientific explanation -- we not infrequently find that quite intelligent persons, who in other respects are averse to anything of a romantic nature, go so far as to base their religious belief in the existence and co-operation of superhuman spiritual powers on the inexplicable nature of the phenomena of dreams (Haffner).
The validity ascribed to the dream life by certain schools of philosophy -- for example, by the school of Schelling -- is a distinct reminiscence of the undisputed belief in the divinity of dreams which prevailed in antiquity; and for some thinkers, the mantic or prophetic power of dreams is still a subject of debate. This is due to the fact that the explanations attempted by psychology are too inadequate to cope with the accumulated material, however strongly the scientific thinker may feel that such superstitious doctrines should be repudiated. To write a history of our scientific knowledge of the dream problem is extremely difficult, because, valuable though this knowledge may be in certain respects, no real progress in a definite direction is as yet discernible. No real foundation of verified results has hitherto been established on which future investigators might continue to build. Every new author approaches the same problems afresh, and from the very beginning.
If I were to enumerate such authors in chronological order, giving a survey of the opinions which each has held concerning the problems of the dream, I should be quite unable to draw a clear and complete picture of the present state of our knowledge on the subject. I have therefore preferred to base my method of treatment on themes rather than on authors, and in attempting the solution of each problem of the dream, I shall cite the material found in the literature of the subject. But as I have not succeeded in mastering the whole of this literature -- for it is widely dispersed and interwoven with the literature of other subjects -- I must ask my readers to rest content with my survey as it stands, provided that no fundamental fact or important point of view has been overlooked. In a supplement to a later German edition, the author adds: I shall have to justify myself for not extending my summary of the literature of dream problems to cover the period between first appearance of this book and the publication of the second edition. This justification may not seem very satisfactory to the reader; none the less, to me it was decisive.
The motives which induced me to summarise the treatment of dreams in the literature of the subject have been exhausted by the foregoing introduction; to have continued this would have cost me a great deal of effort and would not have been particularly useful or instructive.
For the interval in question -- a period of nine years -- has yielded nothing new or valuable as regards the conception of dreams, either in actual material or in novel points of view. In most of the literature which has appeared since the publication of my own work, the latter has not been mentioned or discussed; it has, of course, received the least attention from the so-called ‘research workers on dreams’, who have thus afforded a brilliant example of the aversion to learning anything new so characteristic of the scientist. ‘Les savants ne sont pas curieux’, said the scoffer, Anatole France.
If there were such a thing in science as the right of revenge, I, in my turn, should be justified in ignoring the literature which has appeared since the publication of this book.
The few reviews which have appeared in the scientific journals are so full of misconceptions and lack of comprehension that my only possible answer to my critics would be a request that they should read this book over again -- or perhaps merely that they should read it! And in a supplement to the fourth German edition which appeared in 1914, a year after I published the first English translation of this work, he writes: Since then, the state of affairs has certainly undergone a change; my contribution to the ‘interpretation of dreams’ is no longer ignored in the literature of the subject. But the new situation makes it even more impossible to continue the foregoing summary.
The Interpretation of Dreams has evoked a whole series of new contentions and problems, which have been expounded by the authors in the most varied fashions. But I cannot discuss these works until I have developed the theories to which their authors have referred. Whatever has appeared to me as valuable in this recent literature, I have accordingly reviewed in the course of the following exposition.... About Dream Interpretation
If you are cutting someone else’s hair in your dream, you are being too pushy about forcing your opinions on other people.... My Dream Interpretation
A new hat might suggest a novel intellectual approach, whereas new spectacles indicate a lresh way of seeing things.
2- To be doing something new in a dream highlights the potential in a fresh learning situation. We are stimulated and excited initially. When we move into a new situation in real life our dreams can highlight our lcars and difficulties. We may often dream of possible scenarios where we are not functioning as well as we should, or of actions we might take to enhance our performance.
3- The new; within the spiritual, is information which comes to us at the right time to enable us to progress. What Is new to us may not actually be new but has impact because we have not previously known it.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary
A new hat might suggest a novel intellectual approach, whereas new spectacles indicate a fresh way of seeing things.... Dream Meanings of Versatile
2- Psychologically, when there is a need for renewal or a new growth in understanding we need to acknowledge the effort we must make. This is often svmbolised as a New Year, a new beginning.
3- Spiritually, in any culture, the New Year with its attendant celebrations can signify enlightenment or new knowledge becoming available. We arc no longer in the depths of darkness.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary
If the part)’ was a serious affair, the new year will be happy and exciting. Dreaming about being unhappy on New Years Day: the coming year will see a long- held wish fulfilled.... Dreamers Dictionary
If it is a Saturday, it means drought, hardships during a difficult year, plagues and illness.
If it is a Sunday, it means a cold winter and a blessed crop for that year.
If it is a Monday, it means floods, winter illness and perhaps a partial loss of the crop.
If it is a Tuesday, it means shortage of rain and a cold winter.
If it is a Wednesday, it means scarcity and deficiency of water, and a cold weather by the end of summer and beginning of autumn.
If it is a Thursday, it means a prosperous year, except for the livestock. This interpretation was given by Ptolemy, theAlexandrian astronomer 367 -283 B.C.duringhis residence in Egypt.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
A cultural, investment, and political hub. it may reveal concerns with becoming a success in the theater, publishing, international affairs, trade, or commerce.
A dream set in New York may also express concerns about crime or feeling overcrowded.... Ariadne's Book of Dream
To be alone in New York City without any friends or companions is symbolic of being totally on your own. Whatever projects or enterprises you’re facing right now are likely to have to be done almost entirely on your own.
The bright lights of New York City at night, especially if they blink on and off, symbolize an encouraging message that the solution to a problem you’ve been wrestling with will come to you in a bolt of inspiration.
Dreaming of hearing any of the vast number of songs about New York City represents reassurance that a cherished goal or project of yours will indeed manifest - with a lot of work.... Dream Explanations of Astro Center
If the city was deserted or you felt alienated from the people/activity of the city, this suggests that you feel rejected by those who are currently around you.... My Dream Interpretation
2. Use caution in expressing anger or frustration, especially with children (to hear bad news).
3. Reverse: good news means bad news in the ofﬁng.
4. Important information is being conveyed (note content of news). ... New American Dream Dictionary
To dream of hearing good news suggests upcoming disappointments.
A dream of watching, reading or listening to a news report suggests that you will gain new insight into a problem that has been troubling you. Success will come faster if you learn to be more vocal and express your needs to others.... My Dream Interpretation
To print a newspaper, you will have opportunities of making foreign journeys and friends. Trying, but failing to read a newspaper, denotes that you will fail in some uncertain enterprise. ... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation
A tabloid newspaper may suggest sensational material, whereas a quality one would suggest better researched data.
A Sunday newspaper may suggest that we have the ability to assimilate the knowledge we need in periods of rest and relaxation.
A local newspaper signifies that the facts we require arc close to hand.
2- Newspapers in dreams signify- new information available to us which is now conscious, rather than being held subconsciously. It is information which we need.
A blank page can have two meanings. Firstly; the information may not be available to us for various reasons. Secondly; it may be for us to provide the information for other people to make use of.
3- Spiritually, we should be aware that what we do needs to be for the Greater Good. We need to be more publicly visible.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary
Depth Psychology: A newspaper represents things we don’t know. However, information in newspapers is not always clear; it presents different opinions. Are you uncertain right now about who to believe? Newspapers reveal and expose things: are you afraid that someone is revealing your personal secret?... Dreamers Dictionary
A blank page in a newspaper can have two meanings: firstly, the information may not be available to us for various reasons; secondly, it may be for us to provide the information for other people to make use of.... Dream Meanings of Versatile
A tabloid newspaper in theory may suggest sensational material, whereas a quality one would suggest better researched data.
A sunday newspaper indicates that we have the ability to assimilate the knowledge we need in periods of rest and relaxation.
A local newspaper signifies that the facts we require are close to hand. You might like to consult the entries for communication and media.... Dream Meanings of Versatile
If you are printing a paper, you wish to make new friends.
If you try to read a paper and cannot see the words, the dream indicates business worries.... Psycho Dream Interpretation
If you are a newspaper reporter in your dreams, there will be a varied course of travel offered you, though you may experience unpleasant situations, yet there will be some honor and gain attached. ... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation
The newt represents an unexpected triumph of something small over larger obstacles.... Dream Symbols and Analysis
If a man. he is more likely to be shaving his face, which also suggests that he is trying to change his image.
If a woman, she is likely to be shaving other parts of her body in order to create a more beautiful image. Both acts suggest removing an unwanted layer that is. a facade which has been created.
2- To dream that we have had ‘a close shave’ suggests that we have taken too many risks. We should be more aware of the difficulties we can have as well as the danger we put other people in.
3- In spiritual terms to be close- shaven suggests openness and honesty in our dealings with other people.
For someone to have grown a beard when we would have least expected it indicates that they arc trying to hide something from us.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary
If someone else is shaving: deception is underfoot—someone is about to cheat you. Watching someone else shaving: don’t get involved in a questionable project.
Depth Psychology: A razor stands for a keen, logical, analytical mind (“razor sharp”). Sharp-edged logic, however, can quickly deflate feelings, emotions, and intuitive talents. You are walking on the razor’s edge. See Beard, Hair.... Dreamers Dictionary
The theme of missing an exam, to take one example, commonly begins during college years, when the stress of performing well may be more intense than ever before. However, this theme may then carry forward as a recurring dream for many years, even as one moves on to a career.
The “missing the exam” dream may reappear the night before an important job interview or an evaluation at work.
The circumstances may change, but the same feelings of stress, and the desire to perform well, can trigger the relevant recurrent dream. Theorists suggest that these themes may be considered “scripts” (Spoormaker, 2008) or perhaps “complexes” (Freud 1950); as soon as your dream touches any aspect of the theme, the full script unfolds in completion. Dream theorists generally agree that recurring dreams are connected to unresolved problems in the life of the dreamer. In a previous post I discussed the idea that dreams often portray a Central Image, a powerful dream image that contextualizes a certain emotion or conflict for the dreamer.
The Tidal Wave dream is an example of a Central Image that represents overwhelming emotions such as helplessness and fear.
The Tidal Wave dream is a common dream to experience following trauma or abuse, and often becomes a recurrent theme that reflects a person’s struggling with integrating and accepting the trauma. Resolution of this theme over time is a good sign that the trauma has been confronted and adaptively integrated in the psyche. Empirical research has also supported findings that resolution of a recurrent dream is associated with improved well-being (Zadra, 1996). This is one way that keeping track of your dreams can be extremely informative and helpful in a therapeutic, or even self-help, process.
The dream repeats because you have not corrected the problem. Another theory is that people who experience recurring dreams have some sort of trauma in their past they are trying to deal with. In this case, the dreams tend to lessen with time. Nightmares are dreams that are so distressing they usually wake us up, at least partially. Nightmares can occur at any age but are seen in children with the most frequency. Nightmares usually cause strong feelings of fear, sadness or anxiety. Their causes are varied. Some medications cause nightmares (or cause them if you discontinue the medication abruptly). Traumatic events also cause nightmares. Treatment for recurring nightmares usually starts with interpreting what is going on in the dream and comparing that with what is happening in the person’s life. Then, the person undergoes counseling to address the problems that are presumably causing the nightmare. Some sleep centers offer nightmare therapy and counseling. Another method of treating nightmares is through lucid dreaming. Through lucid dreaming, the dreamer can confront his or her attacker and, in some cases, end the nightmares.... About Dream Interpretation